On November 9, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan and the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed a statement declaring a complete ceasefire and armistice in Nagorno-Karabakh from midnight Moscow time.
According to Russian President V. Putin, the armed forces of Armenia and Azerbaijan were stopped at their current positions, and Russian peace-makers will be deployed along the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Armenia and Azerbaijan are obliged to exchange all prisoners, detained persons. Bodies of the dead will be transferred from the battlefield.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees will control the return of displaced people and refugees to the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Border Service of the Russian Federation will also assure control over transport communications in the region.
Currently, Iran and Russia were keeping a close watch at the Azerbaijani-Turkish advance in Nagorno-Karabakh. Both countries have their own geopolitical interests in the region. Against the background of the Azerbaijani success, Iran and Russia have formed a joint vision of “red lines”, i.e. such a turn of events that will have no room to stand aside the conflict.
It is very likely that such “red lines” included the capture of Shusha, the seizure of the border-line between Nagorno-Karabakh and Iran by Azerbaijani forces, and the imminent threat of a fierce assault on Stepanakert that would cause a humanitarian catastrophe among the local population and a strong resonance in the international area.RUSSIAN-IRANIAN ULTIMATUM FOR CEASEFIRE IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH